Vranov nad Dyjí, State Border
Felling, 2092, Austria
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The Border Crossing

Available in: English | Česky

In March 1949 the group of young people from Czechoslovakia decided to cross the borders to Austria. The head of this group was Julie Hrušková, whose father was a game warden in a nearby Vranov. Julie, the child of the woods, knew the terrain very well. At about three o´clock in the afternoon they were crossing the border. One of them, Honek, was standing on the gateway and saying goodbye: ‛Republic, we are about to come back with the whole army…’ and something more. And I said. ‛Look, do not stand as a candidate because you ring the wires and the finance men will hear it somewhere.’ Well and in that moment I saw an Austrian officer yelling at us: ‛Halt!’ And I thought to myself – I do not know if he is good or bad because I did not recognize him on that distance. So I said: ‛Follow me!’ We jumped to the bushes and zigzagged through it, the boys followed me. We ran across the forest and a field and in the next wood they waved at us. And I said: ‛Well, maybe they were good, but we will not go back. One never knows.’” The Austria officers could inform their friend and Julia´s father, Karel Hruška, that her escape was successful.

Julie Hrušková

Julie Hrušková

Julie Hrušková was born on the 18th of May 1928 in Boskovštejn, Znojmo district. Her father was a game keeper in the Czech-Austrian border region, so he knew the forests and the land around the borders well. After February 1948, a friend asked her to guide him and one other over the borders. She left with them, and passing through Vienna, reached a refugee camp in Linz, where people were being recruited for illegal activity against the totalitarian regime in Czechoslovakia. Julie signed herself up. She was supposed to guide refugees over the borders. However, she was detained in the Soviet zone in Linz and taken to České Budějovice. She was interrogated in Brno, as a result of torture and beating, she aborted (she had been engaged to an American soldier in Austria, who she never saw again). She was convicted of espionage and sentenced to fifteen years of prison, eight years of which she spent in Pardubice. She was not released until the great presidential amnesty in 1960. After that she worked as a seamstress. On the 28th of October 2010, she was awarded the Order of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, 2nd Class.

Vranov nad Dyjí, State Border

Available in: English | Česky

The place where Julie Hrušková and her friends crossed the state border on March 13, 1949.

Vranov nad Dyjí, State Border

On this place

The Border Crossing

The Border Crossing

Julie Hrušková
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