Rozvadov, Diana
19715, 348 06 Rozvadov, Czech Republic
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A fatal struggle with a guardsman in the border zone

Available in: English | Česky

In June 1948 in Dianaberg (now Diana, a part of Rozvadov), a member of the Border Guard shot František Dolejš, a 33-year-old photographer from the Prague district of Smíchov. Dolejš had unsuccessfully tried to emigrate and was struggling with Border Guard Šimek for his rifle when he was shot; he did not receive first aid and died on the way to hospital. Dolejš, a National Socialist and freelance photographer, wanted to emigrate together with his wife, maid and his brother Jaroslav. Jaroslav was a member of the police force in Rozvadov, and thus managed to escape to Germany already in March 1948, but after spending some time in refugee camps he sneaked back into Czechoslovakia to get his brother. The whole group went by car to Horšovský Týn and pressed on to the border the following day. While crossing the border zone they were surprised by a patrol; a gunfight ensued and the Dolejš couple and their maid surrendered. František Dolejš got into a quarrel with Sergeant Šimek, this proved to be fatal to the fleeing Dolejš. The subsequent trial was relatively lenient towards the two women. Contemporary documentation shows, however, that Jaroslav Dolejš was found guilty of “the crime of ignoring official regulations, the crime of planning against the Republic, the crime of military treason and the crime of resisting the police,” and was given the death sentence. A presidential amnesty reduced this to a life sentence, and a second amnesty saw Dolejš released from prison in 1960. He was not rehabilitated until 1998. Although investigations were immediately began into Šimek’s actions, he was soon cleared of any accusation. In 2001 the suspicion of criminal offence was also abandoned by the Czech Office for the Documentation and Investigation of the Crimes of Communism with reference to contemporary regulations.

Rozvadov, Diana

Available in: English | Česky

The border village of Diana, (Dianaberg until 1949), is situated in the region of Tachovsko and today, is a part of the town of Rozvadov, lying approx. 4.5 km southeast of the town center. The village prospered until the end of World War II, when several factors combined resulted in its economic decline that has lasted until today. Among the key factors were the expulsion of the original German population, a winding-down of the timber industry in the 1950s, and its position in close proximity to the Iron Curtain which lasted for decades. The landmark of the village is the hunting chateau attributed to J.B. Santini, which is presently deserted. Until 1949, it served as the military quarters for a border platoon of the national police forces, (SNB), falling under the 3rd battalion based in Plzeň. Thereafter, the village garrisoned a company of the border guard initially falling under the 12th brigade headquartered in Planá nearby Mariánské lázně and since the 1960s the 9th brigade based in Domažlice.

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