Debrník
Zaniklá hraniční obec u Železné Rudy · Železná Ruda 34, 340 04 Železná Ruda, Česká republika
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He survived combat at Tobruk, died crossing the border

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In late March 1948, close to Debrník near Železná Ruda, during an attempt to cross the state border into the so-called American occupation zone in Bavaria, František Zábřeský, National Export Administrator for Jablonec Merchandise, and his secretary Bohumila Příhodová lost their lives. At the time the court delivered a verdict of murder and suicide, with the guilt placed on Zábřeský, but the many questions surrounding the case are yet to be answered. Twenty-six year old Zábřeský, a former member of the Czechoslovak Foreign Army, veteran from Tobruk and member of the RAF, and his two years older secretary belonged to the social elite of pre-Communist Czechoslovakia, and as such were among the first to flee before the anticipated repressions of the ongoing Sovietisation of the country. At that time the borders were still open, but entry into the toll and border zone was forbidden in some areas, including around Železná Ruda. Zábřeský and Příhodová defied the ban, were seen by a police patrol, and so were forced to flee into the forest, where according to contemporary documents Zábřeský, “seeing that he would be able to cross the border, first shot Příhodová and then himself”. Despite the efforts of the Czech Office for the Documentation and Investigation of the Crimes of Communism, which had to abandon the case in 2003 for inconclusiveness, a number of matters remain as yet unclear. The missing personal files of the acting police officers and the missing autopsy reports of the corpses shine no light on whether or not a firearm was found in the vicinity of the bodies, or whether the fugitives had attempted to take a large sum of money across the border, which was not so unlikely considering the character of Zábřeský’s job.

Debrník

Available in: English | Česky

Zámek Debrník stával v zaniklé stejnojmenné obci asi kilometr od Železné Rudy. Do roku 1949 zde působila pohraniční četa SNB náležící pod II. prapor se sídlem v Písku, potom se stal zámek sídlem roty Pohraniční stráže spadající pod 7. brigádu v Sušici. Přestože toto období přestál v relativně dobrém stavu, byl památkově cenný zámek pohraničníky na podzim roku 1989 stržen, zbyla po něm pouze alej. Prapor Pohraniční stráže sídlil v přilehlé Železné Rudě, která byla ve 20. století svědkem i takových událostí jako pochod smrti židovských žen v roce 1945 a odsun německého obyvatelstva letech 1945‒1946. Po pádu železné opony, jehož symbolem je obnovené hraniční nádraží společné s Bavorskou Rudou, se z města stalo opět oblíbené horské letovisko.

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